A study on the history and use of toxic substances in Indian science has revealed that the country has been one of the first countries to utilise the herbicide glyphosate, and the first to use the chemical as a chemical weapon against an indigenous people.
The article, which was published by the journal Science in an article titled ‘Glyphosate, the chemical weapon of the Indian Army’, sheds light on how Indian science was used to destroy the indigenous population in the 18th century, and how this process has continued to this day.
Dr Tushar Sahu, a professor at the University of Michigan and an author on the article, said: “The article shows that glyphosate was used as a weapon by the Indian army in 1855, the first year of the First World War.”
Glymphosate was the most widely used herbicide in the Indian Empire at that time, and was deployed on large scale during the First and Second World Wars.
“By 1859, the Indian government had banned the herbicides, but there were a lot of herbicides still in production.”
Dr Sahu said that while the US and other countries had banned glyphosate in the past, the country’s military had continued to use it.
“The army had started using the herbicidal herbicides in the 1870s, and then in the 1890s, the US banned them,” he said.
“When the US declared war on China in 1898, the army had switched to using them, but they were still being used by the army.”
GlyphanosideA new form of the herbivorous plant called Glyphanosides is a powerful chemical weapon that can be used to kill pests, and is widely used by farmers and agricultural workers.
Dr Sagu said the study found that a number of indigenous people were killed by Glyphanes and other herbicides before the First India War of 1857-1858.
“There were a number [of] indigenous people who were killed with Glyphanys, and it was probably the first time in the history that a major Indian city was affected by a large-scale killing by herbicides,” he explained.
“In the 1870’s, the city of Bengal was under the control of the British and was one of India’s largest cities.”
They killed people and used their guns to kill people and kill people.
“So it’s really not a coincidence that it was Bengal, that it’s a city of the largest industrial city in the world, that was being used to slaughter people.”
Dr Tushi said that the war was a turning point for the indigenous people of India.
“It was a real turning point in the lives of indigenous Indians,” he added.
“That was a time when the indigenous were losing their culture and being killed by a foreign power.”
He said that when the First Indian War ended in 1857, there was no indication that there was any plan for a future Indian war, and no-one had realised that it would have such an impact.
“I think it’s important to look at what the future looks like,” he concluded.
“We should be looking at what was going on at the time and what was happening in the wider world, and what the impact was going to be, because we really need to understand what happened.”