When you hire a foreign professor, you usually want someone who speaks English fluently.
So what if that’s not what you’re after?
That’s exactly what one Chinese-born Harvard professor did when she joined the faculty of psychology at the University of California, Berkeley.
After graduating in 2010, Prof. Jian Hui was hired as an assistant professor of psychology in the department of psychology.
She was also promoted to associate professor in 2012.
A few years later, Prof Hui received her first salary of $65 000.
But she wasn’t the only foreign-born American in the world profiting from a job well done.
Prof. Liu Xiong, a professor of sociology at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, was paid $100 000.
Prof Liu received his first salary in 2012 after working in China for 12 years.
He received his second salary in 2014, according to his website.
Prof Hao was also a professor at Yale University for two years.
Professors like Prof Liu are getting paid well for their work.
According to a 2015 study, Chinese-Americans in the US earned $1.2 trillion in salary and bonuses in 2015.
Profs Liu and Hao are not alone.
Chinese- and American-born psychologists in the United States earned more than $2.2 billion last year.
The top 10 earning American psychologists, according the American Psychological Association (APA), include: James B. Nesbit, associate professor of psychiatry, Yale University, $6.7 million; Jennifer M. Scholte, assistant professor, University of Wisconsin-Madison, $3.5 million; and Jonathan A. Smith, associate director of clinical research, University College London, $2 million.
According the APA, American- and Chinese-based psychologists made more than 3,000 times the amount of money earned by their Chinese-speaking colleagues.
In 2015, American psychologists made about $2 billion from their American-based colleagues, according for the American Institute of Philanthropy.
That’s about $15.6 million more than Chinese-origin psychologists earned in 2015, according a 2014 study.
But it’s not just a matter of the paychecks.
The APA’s 2015 report found that, “the Chinese- American workforce is increasingly concentrated in high-cost occupations, which have high risk of discrimination and have little opportunity for advancement.
As a result, a high-profile American academic is increasingly vulnerable to the influence of China’s one-party Communist Party.”
A 2016 study by the American Association for the Advancement of Science found that Chinese- born and American researchers made on average more than twice as much money in the U.S. than their Chinese colleagues.
A study by a University of Toronto-based researcher found that while American and Chinese psychologists make less than their counterparts in China, their pay was significantly higher than their pay in the other countries.
For example, the average American psychologist earned $65 008 in 2017, while the average Chinese psychologist earned just $61 007, according data from the International Federation of Human Resource Development.
Prof Chen Xiaoliang, who was an assistant at Yale before joining the faculty at Berkeley, was a member of the executive board of the American Institutes of Philatheism and the American Psychiatric Association.
She is the author of several books, including, “Why I’m Not a Psychologist.”
The APS report found Chinese-owned companies pay American psychologists a median salary of just $50 000 a year.
But in 2014 the median salary for Chinese-trained psychologists in America was $100,000.
Prof Jiaqing Zhou, associate dean of the Graduate School of Education, has been a professor in China since 2001.
She said that the Chinese government had been paying top salaries to foreign-trained professors for many years.
She added that the pay gap between the American and the Chinese is just beginning to widen.
Prof Zhou said that it is difficult to quantify the number of psychologists who have left China for good because they’re not included in the APS study.
She explained that the APSA report is only a snapshot of the average pay of Chinese- or American-trained teachers, and the amount varies across the country.
The study does not factor in other factors such as whether they’re married, live in rural areas, and their geographic location.
“There are a lot of things that we don’t have data on,” Prof Zhou added.
“In my research, I’ve found that most of the people who leave China for a career in the USA are white, in their late 30s and early 40s.
They have an advanced degree and they are highly skilled, but they leave because they have a poor relationship with their parents.”
The research by Prof Zhou and her colleagues has been published in The American Psychologist.